Discrete-Option Multiple-Choice

otacke's picture

In 2009, Foster and Miller described the quite positive results from early studies with Discrete-Option Multiple-Choice tests. In those, instead of presenting all the answer options at once, they are presented successively and for each the student has to decide whether the option is correct or incorrect.

This could already be achieved with multiple true false questions embedded in a question set that does not allow backward navigation. It loses the coherence of a question though. Alternatively, the multiple-choice content type could get a setting to activate a "discrete option mode". Instead ot a radio button or a checkbox, the options would have one button for "true" and one button for "false", and pressing one of both would trigger showing the next option until all the options have been checked. Obviously, it should not be possible to revise the answer given to a previous option.

Foster, D., & Miller, H. L. (2009). A new format for multiple-choice testing: Discrete-Option Multiple-Choice. Results from early studies. Psychology Science Quarterly, 51(4), 355-369.

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Interesting. It forces the learner to read each choice and make a decision. I've worked with both exam - focused kids (preliminary elimination is strategy rather than knowledge -based) and others who read each question and seriously think it over. It's mind-blowing.