Multiple Choice Question Tutorial
The Multiple Choice content type is your staple multiple choice quizzing tool. Multiple Choice can be used to test the learner's level of knowledge on a given topic.
In this tutorial you will learn:
- When to use Multiple Choice questions
- How to create a Multiple Choice question
Here's the Mulitple Choice question we'll create in this tutorial:
When to use Multiple Choice questions
Multiple Choice questions can be used for testing well-defined skills related to a certain topic. Mulitple Choice questions can be an effective assesment tool when thay are created properly and the learner is given immediate feedback on own performance. The H5P Multiple Choice questions can have a single or multiple correct options per question.
Let's say you have a text about Blackcurrants that you want to create a Multiple Choice question about. The example text below is pasted from Wiktionary:
A shrub, Ribes nigrum, that produces small, very dark purple, edible berries.
Step 2: Creating a Multiple Choice question
Select the New content option and choose Multiple Choice from the list of Content types:
Step 3: Multiple Choice question editor
The Multiple Choice question editor should now appear. The editor should look something like this:
In this tutorial, we'll focus on creating the Multiple Choice question content using the above example.
The Multiple Choice question content type consists of a question and a set of options. The Question is used to introduce the problem to be solved, and the Options are the possible answers the learner can choose from.
Step 4: Media
Under Media, you can add image or video files relevant to the question.
You will have something like this in the editor:
We are now going to select the media as Image from the dropdown as in the example. Insert the following image under the Image field:
This picture by Karen Jackson was found on Flickr and is licensed with the Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives license.
Your editor should now look like this:
Use pictures that are similar in size to ensure a smooth user experience for the learner.
Step 5: Question
We'll add a simple Question related to the example text about Blackcurrants for the learner to solve. Type the following text in the field labeled Question in the top of the editor:
What color does the blackcurrant berry actually have?
Your editor should now look similar to this:
Step 6: Available options
Under Available options, we add the answering options the learner can choose from. Two empty available options are listed by default since we usually need at least one correct and one incorrect answering option.
In this tutorial, we'll use three answering options related to the question about what color the blackcurrant berry actually has:
- Very dark purple
- Dark blue
Type in Very dark purple in the field labeled Text under the top Option and check the Correct checkbox as this is the correct answering option.
You should now have something like this:
Move on to the second and bottom Option, and type in Blue in the text field labeled Text. Leave the Correct checkbox unchecked as this an incorrect answering option.
We want to add a third answering option. Currently, we only have two available options, so we'll have to add another one by pressing the Add option button below the two currently available options:
Another Option will be added after you press Add option. In the third and now bottom Option, type in Black in the text field labeled Text. Leave the Correct checkbox unchecked as this a second incorrect answering option.
We are now done with adding answering options.
You can add as many answering options as you want. You remove answering options by pressing the button in the top right corner of the Option. You change the order of the answering options by pulling the button in the top left corner of the Option.
Step 7: Question Type under Behavioral Settings
User can select one of the following question type in Multiple Choice present under Behavioral Settings
- Multiple Choice (Checkboxes)
- Single Choice (Radio Buttons)
By default, the question type 'Automatic' is selected. If you have multiple correct options, then it will behave like Multiple choice and checkboxes will be displayed automatically. If you have one correct option, then it will behave like Single Choice and radio buttons will be displayed automatically.
You can select the question type 'Multiple Choice' from the drop-down if you have multiple correct options and checkboxes will be displayed
You can select the question type 'Single Choice' from the drop-down if you have a single correct option and radio buttons will be displayed.
You will have something like this in the editor: In this case, we only want to use a single correct answer, so we'll keep the default question type as 'Automatic' from the drop-down present under Behavior Settings. The Give one point for the whole task is more relevant when Multiple Choice questions are used in Question sets, Interactive videos or Presentations, so we're not concerned whether this is checked or not for now.
Check the Randomize answers checkbox to make the answering options display in an arbitrary order.
Your editor should now look similar to this:
Step 8: Feedback
This is an optional step and you can skip to Step 9 to finish up.
Multiple Choice allows the learner to get feedback on selected answering options. This might be useful to provide the learner with pointers on what to study more after selecting a certain answering option.
For each option, we'll add some feedback to the learner.
In the first and correct Option, we type in the text You selected the correct option, well done in the Chosen feedback field. In the Not chosen feedback field, type in the text Read the text about blackcurrants one more time.
In the second and incorrect Option, we type in the text Read the text about blackcurrants one more time in the Chosen feedback field. In the Not chosen feedback field, type in the text You did not select this incorrect option, well done
In the third and incorrect Option, we type in the text It is understandable that you selected this option. However, the blackcurrant berry actually has another color than black in the Chosen feedback field. In the Not chosen feedback field, type in the text You did not select this incorrect option, well done
Under Available options, you should now have something like this:
Use the button to collapse an Option for a better overview when editing.
Step 9: Finishing up
At the bottom of the editor, you'll find the Enable try again button option. Leave this checked, as we want the learner to be able to try to solve the Multiple Choice questions multiple times.
Save the node/article to view your finished Multiple Choice question.
You should now have the same result as the example at the top of the page.
Feel free to leave any comments or suggestions on how to improve this tutorial.